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US goes further down wrong road of space militarization

作者:有加無已網 來源:有加無已網2022-09-30 15:00:16

By Wang Min

王敏

The US Space Force recently launched the National Space Intelligence Center (NSIC). From forming the Space Command and Space Force and frequently holding the "Global Sentinel" and "Space Flag" military exercises, to developing and deploying aggressive space weapons like the "counter communications system" and firing all sorts of reconnaissance satellites, the US has become the main pusher of weaponizing the space and turning it into a battlefield.

不久前,美國太空軍正式啟動國家太空情報中心。從組建太空司令部、成立太空軍、頻繁舉行“全球哨兵”和“太空旗”等軍事演習,到研發部署“反衛星通信系統”等進攻性太空武器、發射各類偵察衛星,美國已成為太空武器化和戰場化的主要推手。

NSIC, also known as Space Delta 18, is a re-organization of the space-related functions of the National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC). It is responsible for monitoring and detecting foreign threats to America’s on-orbit assets, and works with other American intelligence agencies to provide key information on threatening systems and foreign intentions and activities in the space domain. The establishment of NSIC further lays bare America's strategic ambition for a broader presence in the outer space.

國家太空情報中心又稱“第18太空三角洲部隊”,是對國家航空航天情報中心涉及太空領域的相關職能的重組,職責是監視和發現美國在軌資產面臨的他國威脅等事務,并與美國其他情報機構合作,以提供“太空領域中有關威脅系統、外國意圖和活動的關鍵情報”。該太空情報機構的成立,使美國在太空領域擴張的戰略野心更加暴露無遺。

Former US President Trump once said in public that it's not enough for America to be just "present" in the space; it must be "dominant", for which intelligence is an indispensable part. The US has long applied its usual tricks of intelligence theft and close-in reconnaissance in the space. In early 2022, it launched two space domain awareness satellites that are said to be able to detect enemy satellites to provide relevant data to America's space monitoring network. After the Russia-Ukraine conflict broke out, the US has been providing space information to support Ukraine using Starlink's satellites in orbit.

美國前總統特朗普曾公開宣稱,“美國在太空中僅有‘存在感’是不夠的,還要具有‘統治力’”。所謂的“統治力”自然離不開情報,美國早就將自己情報竊密、抵近偵察那一套復制到太空領域。今年年初,美國發射了兩顆號稱能“檢查”敵方衛星的空間域感知衛星,用于提供相關數據給美國的太空監視網絡。俄烏沖突爆發后,美國一直通過“星鏈”在軌衛星等手段為烏提供太空信息支援。

The US is also seeking space intelligence cooperation with its allies. Japan began to send its people to the US to study space monitoring skills long ago and agreed to install American space situational awareness monitors and sensors on its Quasi-Zenith Satellite System to share intelligence. In February 2022, the US signed a report with Australia, Canada, France, Germany and New Zealand agreeing to carry out in-depth cooperation on intelligence sharing, revealing its plan for creating a small space alliance.

美國還拉攏盟友大搞太空領域的情報合作。日本很早便開始派員前往美國學習太空監視的相關技能,還同意在其“準天頂”衛星系統上加裝美太空態勢感知的監視傳感器,以實現情報共享。今年2月,美國與澳大利亞、加拿大、法國、德國、新西蘭簽署一份報告,承諾就情報共享展開深度合作,其打造太空聯盟“小圈子”的用心昭然若揭。

But Washington's space ambition isn't likely to fare well. On the one hand, the space environment is complicated and variable. Given its full plate at home now, a space intelligence agency would be of limited effect. On the other hand, America's intensified pursuit of space hegemony has made other countries wary and prompted them to ramp up their space efforts and develop new combat forces. When France planned to form a space military command in 2019, French media took it as an answer to the US. Russia also gives priority to space security in its overall national security, not only forming the Aerospace Force but also accelerating the development of space weapons as a tit-for-tat to the US.

不過,美國的太空野心并不樂觀。一方面,太空環境復雜多變,眼下美國自身面臨嚴重的內耗,即便成立太空情報機構,其實際的成效也注定有限。另一方面,隨著美國加緊謀求太空霸權,其他國家警惕之下亦紛紛向太空發力,發展新型作戰力量。早在2019年法國計劃成立太空軍事指揮部時,法國媒體即認為,這是對美國做法的回應。俄羅斯同樣將太空安全置于國家安全的優先地位,不但成立了空天軍,還針鋒相對地加速研發太空武器。

Facts have proven that America's obsessive development of space weapons will not help it achieve the strategic ambition to dominate the space. On the contrary, it will seriously damage the global strategic balance and cause the arms race to overspill into the outer space. The outer space is a common domain for human activities. The US should act responsibly, stop pushing space militarization, and truly live up to its responsibility for maintaining peace and security in the space.

事實證明,美國執意推進太空軍備建設,不但無法實現自身統治太空的戰略野心,還會嚴重破壞全球戰略平衡,使軍備競賽外溢到太空。太空是人類活動的共有領域,美方應采取負責任的行為,停止推進太空軍事化進程,切實承擔起維護太空和平與安全的應有責任。


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